Surrealism, as a dominant avant-garde cultural movement, sprang up in the 1920s and became quite popular in the next few decades. It juxtaposed the seemingly contradictory conditions of dreams and reality into an alternate reality. The movement was initially depicted through novel paintings and writings. During the initial years of the movement, artists expressed themselves through illogical and shocking images, either visual or written, that constituted morphed and modified versions of everyday objects. There was an innate effort at letting the unconscious express itself. The concerned works were beset with multiple elements of surprise, non sequitur, and bizarre juxtapositions. The unconscious, semi-conscious and the sub-conscious compartments of the human psyche found their way to mainstream art. Some of the pioneers of the movement dubbed it as a philosophical movement with the artworks being mere artifacts of expression. The movement eventually started influencing filmmakers from across the globe. Bizarre, unreal, irrational, and twisted – surrealist movies leave a lasting imprint on the viewers. From Alfred Hitchcock to Ingmar Bergman and from Luis Buñuel to David Lynch, its quintessentially anti-establishment and anarchist tone managed to inspire many generations of filmmakers. The current researcher has been dissecting the most prominent global surrealist movies using existing film theories and audience reception studies. In the process, there has been an attempt at deciphering the common elements that mark surrealist filmmaking.
Bhattacharjee, Sunayan Dr., "Deciphering Surrealism and Its Impact on Global Cinema" (2022). Arts and Humanities Collection. 1.