Saudi-Iran Deal: A Test Case of China’s Role as an International Mediator

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The United States has long maintained its political power and influence in the Middle East; however, the increasing Chinese foothold in the region is changing this matrix. The clash of their interests, influence, and—more certainly—quests to play a more influential role in the region in terms of diplomacy and economic security is changing the geopolitics of the Middle East. In this regard, the Saudi-Iran deal brokered by China—an equivalent to the US-led Abraham Accords to strengthen peace in the Middle East—is yet another manifestation of the great power rivalry between Beijing and Washington. Interestingly, the global rift between Washington and Beijing is widening, but the tensions between the ‘rivals’ in the region are de-escalating. From Israel and the Arab States under the Abraham Accords, to now, with the peace agreement between Saudi Arabia and Iran, it is increasingly imperative to assess China’s growing influence in the Middle East in contrast to US’s long-held dominance in the region.

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