Anthropology, the study of human beings in relation to physical character, environmental and social relations, and culture. There are four subdisciplines, in anthropology: Cultural anthropology, Archaeology, Physical (biological) anthropology, Linguistic Anthropology. Out of these four- the main branch which is most commonly used for identifying individual is physical anthropology commonly known as anthropometry.
Anthropometry involves the systematic measurement of the physical properties of the human body, primarily dimensional descriptors of body size and shape. It helps in identifying the nutritional status of the human being, helps in ergonomics and architectural designs. Identification of human remains- Help us to establish the age at the time of death, stature, body type, sex and race determination. Measurements of fetal parameters like Bi parietal diameter, Femur length and abdominal circumference are also important in identifying age of fetus and various congenital anomalies. Changes in lifestyles, nutrition, and ethnic composition of populations lead to changes in the distribution of body dimensions and require regular updating of anthropometric data collections. I am currently working on an Anthropometry projects related to fetuses in which I am finding the relation between various anthropometric measurements histologically and the age of fetuses.
Gupta, Chandni Dr, "Anthropometry" (2022). Health collection. 71.