Plant-based medicine for the treatment of periodontal disease
Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the supporting structure of the teeth. It has a multifactorial origin where various factors influence the initiation and progression of periodontal inflammation. Plaque biofilm that adheres to tooth surfaces and gingiva is the main etiology of periodontitis. The main aim of periodontal therapy is to eliminate this microbial load and all the factors favoring its accumulation and restore the health of the tissues through surgical and non-surgical therapies. To enhance the efficacy of these therapies, antibiotics were introduced as an adjunct. However, a threat to global public health due to microbial resistance (even with the local application) has made its use debatable. These incidents led to the introduction of several natural alternative adjunctive drugs, such as Curcuma longa (turmeric), Azadirachta indica (neem), Aloe barbadensis Miller (aloe vera), Syzygium aromaticum (clove), Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea tree oil) and Cinnamomum verum (cinnamon) exerts strong antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities. Alternative therapies are viewed favorably by many patients because there are fewer detrimental side effects. In addition, many report significant improvement while taking complementary and alternative medicines
Kedlaya, Madhurya N., "Plant-based medicine for the treatment of periodontal disease" (2022). Health collection. 75.