Manipal Journal of Medical Sciences


Microfracture technique has vacillating clinical outcomes, limited demographic applicability, high failure rate, and variable patient satisfaction. Although it does not deserve to be a gold standard technique, there has not been a technique that could overcome all possible disadvantages associated with the technique and at the same time give a favourable result/be suitable for widespread use/not have its own disadvantages. Microfracture, integrated with biomaterial/stem cell transfer has shown promise over the past decade but studies evaluating the long-term efficacy of the tests and standardization are lacking. Besides, cost and operative difficulties limit widespread use. Twenty-five years into the field, microfracture still stands as the first-line choice for most surgeons across the world for a satisfactory articular cartilage repair.