Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences


Background: Varicose veins is increasing worldwide, since the nurses especially the critical care nurses spend most of the time standing, they are prone to get lower limb symptoms like itchiness, cramps, burning sensation, and pain especially when standing which result in superficial swollen veins and later develop to varicose veins. Objective: The main objective of the study is to assess the risk of varicose vein among critical care nurses and nurses working in other general units of selected hospital. Method: A non-experimental descriptive research design was adopted for the study. In this study 100 staff nurses working in Guwahati Neurological Research Centre (GNRC) hospital, Guwahati, Assam were selected. A total of fifty (50) critical care nurses and fifty (50) nurses working in other units were selected by using convenience sampling technique. The tool used for the study was demographic proforma and varicose vein assessment tools.Results: The findings showed that majority of staff nurses (53%) were from age group of 20-25 years, about 99% staff nurses were female, 80% staff nurses were unmarried, 64% staff nurses have 1-5 years of experience, 74% staff nurses have day duty >2 weeks, 64% staff nurses have night duty one week/month, 97% staff nurses had no history of hospitalization due to varicose vein, 48% staff nurses got the information regarding varicose vein from the health care personnel, and 89% staff nurses did not use crape bandage or stocking during duty hours. The mean of critical care nurses score (9.78) was higher than the mean of nurses working in general units score (5.18). Conclusion: On the basis of the findings, the researcher concluded that the risk of varicose vein is high in nurses working in critical care units and is associated with age, total year of experience, total day duty, total night duty, and sources of information.

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