Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Article Title

Primary caregiver’s knowledge and attitude on the care of Cardio Vascular Accident (CVA) patients


Introduction: In the world, the primary neurological problem is Cardio Vascular Accident (CVA) and 3rd prominent reason of death worldwide. CVA is a significant primary cause of early mortality and disability in India. When a patient is discharged from the hospital, he/she returns home with physical, mental and behavioral consequences that affect the patient’s functional capacity, autonomy, and independence that makes them dependent on others. The primary caregiver is the member who takes the responsibility of care, and play a vital role in the care of CVA patients. Objectives: The objectives of the present study were to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding the care of CVA patient among primary caregivers. Methodology: Descriptive research design was used. A total of 100 caregivers were selected by purposive sampling technique. Data were collected with a self-structured knowledge questionnaire, Likert scale, and WHOQOL-BREF. Result: Result showed that the knowledge level was adequate among 52 per cent of the primary caregivers of CVA patient, whereas the attitude level was moderate among 100 per cent of all primary caregivers of CVA patient. There was a negative correlation between the knowledge score and attitude score of primary caregivers of CVA patient, and there was no association between knowledge score and attitude score with their selected demographic variables. Conclusion: The study concluded that if health care professionals collaborate and identify the need of primary caregivers, it will help to increase the knowledge and improve attitude towards the patient.