Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences


Introduction: Tobacco intake associated with fitness dangers, morbidity, and mortality has been growing. The prevalence of tobacco use and nicotine dependence is very high among housekeeping staff compared to the general population. Nicotine dependence is one of the major public health problems in developing and developed countries. Very few studies are conducted on nicotine dependence among housekeeping staff in hospitals. Objectives: The objectives of the study are: to assess the nicotine dependence among housekeeping staff of AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, and to find the association between nicotine dependence and demographic characteristics such as age, gender, education, job experience, duration of use, age of initiation, and last use. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess nicotine dependence among the housekeeping staff of AIIMS, Bhubaneswar. The information was collected using a demographic proforma, screening tool, nicotine dependence tool- (a) Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence- (FTND), and (b) Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence-smokeless tobacco (FTND-ST) by self-reporting. Result: Among 338 participants screened, 224 users showed nicotine dependence. Among 224 housekeeping staff, 58 users consume pan, 63 users use cigarettes, and 103 consume both (Pan and cigarette). Nicotine dependence is significantly associated with economic status and age of initiation and not significantly associated with demographic variables such as age, gender, education, marital status, religion, and job experience. Conclusion: The study concluded that hospital-led interventions are required to make behavioural changes and prevention of tobacco use among housekeeping staff to save their lives, protect their health, and beat tobacco consumption to support the National goal of ‘Nasha Mukt Bharat’.

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