Senior Research Fellow
Introduction: Intellectually disabled children upset the mental, physical, social, and financial outlooks of the family in terms of their rearing and future. The support systems surrounding the parents of mentally retarded children play a vital role to lessen the burden associated with their special child. This study brings up some light on the psycho-social impacts on parents of Mentally challenged children who were attending special schools at Mangaluru. Objective: The main objective of the study was to assess the psychosocial impacts on parents of mentally challenged children. Further, to find the association between the psychosocial impact on parents of mentally challenged children and selected demographic variables. Method: This study used a cross sectional survey design and participants were selected by using the purposive sampling technique. The sampling frame consisted of parents of clinically diagnosed mentally retarded children in which 80 parents were selected for this study. A structured psychosocial impact scale was used to collect data and collected data were analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The analysis of the result showed that 59 [73.75%] female respondents had more psychosocial problems than their male counterparts. The 40 respondents [50%] had a moderate psychosocial impact, followed by 30 [37.5%] respondents who had a severe psychosocial impact , agonize with various 10 [12.5%] respondents who had a mild psychosocial impact. The total mean percentage of the psychosocial impacts score was 60.5%, with a mean and standard deviation of 30.25 and 7.87 respectively. Conclusion: This study finding indicates that parents, especially mothers with intellectually disabled children agonize with a various psychological and social problems. Parents-focused early intervention and counselling services, especially for mothers should be included in the mental retardation management protocol.