Manipal Journal of Science and Technology


Cardiovascular disease is the leading global cause of mortality and morbidity. With the widespread and growing usage of smartphones and mobile apps, the use of mobile health (mHealth) in the transmission of physiological parameters and patient-referred symptoms to healthcare professionals and researchers, as well as in the application of notifications and treatment plans from professionals to patients, has the potential to revolutionize the conduct of clinical trials with improved designs, data collection, and reduced costs. In addition, the wide- ranging adoption of ever more advanced mobile applications (apps) and devices offers mobile health the ability to expand on telecardiology, which seeks to minimize costs while providing healthy, reliable, and personalized treatment at all stages of the patient’s journey. This review aims to study and compare existing mobile applications, systems, and existing apps on leading online app stores related to cardiology, categorize mHealth application areas and target users, and assess the key challenges (and solutions) in the deliverables related to telecardiology. Finally, the review will outline the future perspectives of mobile health in cardiology.