A compact wideband antenna with detailed time domain analysis for wireless applications

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Ain Shams Engineering Journal


In this research paper, a compact wideband monopole antenna of the dimensions 20×20×1.6mm3(i.e.totalvolume=640mm3) is presented. The proposed antenna configuration has simplified design in which the ground plane, as well as the radiating patch, are on the same plane. This design renders one side of the substrate consummately empty resulting in an overall design which is more facile to fabricate. It is excited by Coplanar Waveguide (CPW) feeding technique. The proposed structure has a fractional bandwidth of 40.56% (4.3–6.45 GHz) in simulation and 34.41% (4.4–6.38 GHz) in measurements for S11 < −10 dB criteria. It has linearly increasing gain over its entire operational bandwidth and has a maximum peak realized gain of 4.7 dB at 6.4 GHz in simulation and about 3.8 dBi at 6.3 GHz in measurement. The designed antenna is suitable for WLAN and WiMAX of the range corresponding to 4.70–6.19, 5.5–5.7 and 5–6 GHz. To overcome the major drawback of narrow bandwidth in printed patch antenna, the uniquely designed split patch technique is used to achieve wide bandwidth. The antenna time-domain analysis is detailed by keeping it in side-to-side and face-to-face orientations. This analysis resulted in a stable performance which is very much required from a wideband antenna. All the necessary antenna simulations are done using HFSS and are validated by fabricating a model of it.

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