Surface Engineering of Titanium Using Anodization and Plasma Treatment

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Title

IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering


Ti64 alloy is a well-known material for biomedical applications due to high corrosion resistance and biocompatibility properties. Surface properties of implants plays a vital role in bone and cell growth in the human body. With the anodization process, we can increase the surface porosity, which will be adequate for surface fascination of the implant screw to the bone and appropriate mechanical properties. Hence, the present study attempted to improve the surface properties of Ti64 by anodization and plasma treatment that may be promising method to increase the biocompatibility of Ti materials. Anodization process is the cheapest one to improve the surface properties of Ti alloy and riskless process. To intensify the open pores on the Ti64 surface plasma treatment was performed. Also, the aim of this study was to improve the aesthetic appearance of the dental implants and reproduce interference of colours. With the help of UV-VIS spectrophotometer the colour and spectral reflectance were investigated. The oxide layer thickness, chemical composition and nanosurface roughness was measured. These results suggests the surface modification of Ti64 alloy by anodization can produce interference of colours and are dependent on the applied voltage, oxide layer thickness. The surface oxidation consisting of anatase and rutile phase and change in nanosurface roughness, may improve the biocompatibility of Ti64.



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