Developing an evidence-informed framework for safe and accessible urban mobility infrastructures for older adults in low- And middle-income countries: A protocol for realist synthesis
Background: Mobility, one of the basic daily activities, helps in carrying out routine work, which contributes to people's well-being. A lack of friendly and accessible infrastructure may act as a barrier, which limits older adults' contributions and participation in society. Hence, it is important to have an enabling environment for older adults to carry out their activities independently at ease. There is ample research evidence about effective interventions on urban mobility infrastructures, but there is a lack of evidence regarding what works, for whom, and in what circumstances. Hence, there is a need to identify the contextual factors for different regions to design region-specific interventions. The aim of this realist synthesis is to develop an evidence-informed framework for safe and accessible urban mobility infrastructures for older adults in low- and middle-income countries. Methods: A realist review will be undertaken using the following process: (1) development of a program theory, (2) search strategy and information sources, (3) study selection and appraisal, (4) data extraction, and (5) data synthesis. In addition to searching grey literature and contacting authors, we will search (since inception) multiple electronic databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Studies will be included based on their ability to provide data that evaluates some aspect of the program theory. Two independent reviewers will screen and extract data from all relevant sources. A realist logic of analysis will be used to identify all context-mechanism-outcome that explains how safe and accessible urban mobility infrastructures for older adults implemented in low- and middle-income countries translate to better health outcomes. The findings will be reported according to Realist and MEta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards guidelines. Discussion: This realist review will help to develop a framework for safe and accessible urban mobility infrastructures for older adults in low- and middle-income countries. The results of this study will support evidence-based decision-making on urban mobility systems and will be of interest to various stakeholders. Dissemination will be done through conference presentations, policy briefs, media, and peer-reviewed journals. Implications for future research will be discussed. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42020168020
Patil, Divya Sussana; Yadav, Uday Narayan; George, Sobin; and Helbich, Marco, "Developing an evidence-informed framework for safe and accessible urban mobility infrastructures for older adults in low- And middle-income countries: A protocol for realist synthesis" (2020). Open Access Archive. 163.