Child-rearing practices among migrant mothers of South India: A mixed method study

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Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health


Objectives: To assess the child-rearing practices among migrant mothers of under-five children and to analyze the factors influencing the child-rearing practices among these mothers. Methods: A sequential explanatory mixed method study design was used where quantitative (cross-sectional survey) phase was followed the qualitative (grounded theory) phase. The survey was undertaken among the representative sample of 320 migrant mothers in the selected migrant areas of Shivamogga District of Karnataka State. Quantitative Data was collected by using a structured interview wherein qualitative data was collected by conducting an in-depth interview. Results: The study revealed that 255 (79.7%) subjects had scored average in child-rearing practice scores and only 18 (5.6%) possessed a good score. Mean percentage score of child-rearing practices of migrant mothers is highest in the area of nurturance and discipline (76.25%) and least (46.3%) in the area of breastfeeding. Only 62.8% of the migrant mothers have initiated breastfeeding within half an hour of childbirth. Only 38.7% of others gave exclusive breast feeding to their baby. About 45% of mothers have started complimentary feeding to their babies at six months of age. The qualitative data analysis revealed seven factors that are influencing the child rearing practices of these mothers. These factors are classified as internal factors and external factors. The internal factors are the influence of elders and family, financial problems, acceptance of practice and belief or folk. The external factors are the availability of health care services, neighbourhood relationship and living environment.

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