Quantum Berezinskii–Kosterltz–Thouless transition for topological insulator
We consider the interacting helical liquid system at the one-dimensional edge of a two-dimensional topological insulator, coupled to an external magnetic field and s-wave superconductor and map it to an XYZ spin chain system. This model undergoes quantum Berezinskii–Kosterlitz–Thouless (BKT) transition with two limiting conditions. We derive the renormalization group (RG) equations explicitly and also present the flow lines behavior. We also present the behavior of RG flow lines based on the exact solution. We observe that the physics of Majorana fermion zero modes and the gaped Ising-ferromagnetic phase, which appears in a different context. We observe that the evidence of gapless helical Luttinger liquid phase as a common non-topological quantum phase for both quantum BKT transitions. We explain analytically and physically that there is no Majorana-Ising transition. In the presence of chemical potential, the system shows the commensurate to incommensurate transition.
Kumar R, Ranjith; Rahul, S.; Sahoo, Surya Narayan; and Sarkar, Sujit, "Quantum Berezinskii–Kosterltz–Thouless transition for topological insulator" (2020). Open Access archive. 2077.