The severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection is dictated by host factors? Epigenetic perspectives

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Current Research in Microbial Sciences


The emergence of COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2 poses a significant threat to humans as it is highly contagious with increasing mortality. There exists a high degree of heterogeneity in the mortality rates of COVID-19 across the globe. There are multiple speculations on the varying degree of mortality. Still, all the clinical reports have indicated that preexisting chronic diseases like hypertension, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), kidney disorders, and cardiovascular diseases are associated with the increased risk for high mortality in SARS-CoV-2 infected patients. It is worth noting that host factors, mainly epigenetic factors could play a significant role in deciding the outcome of COVID-19 diseases. Over the recent years, it is evident that chronic diseases are developed due to altered epigenome that includes a selective loss/gain of DNA and histone methylation on the chromatin of the cells. Since, there is a high positive correlation between chronic diseases and elevated mortality due to SARS-CoV-2, in this review; we discuss the overall picture of the aberrant epigenome map in varying chronic ailments and its implications in COVID-19 disease severity and high mortality.



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