Docking and ADMET studies for investigating the anticancer potency of Moscatilin on APC10/DOC1 and PKM2 against five clinical drugs

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Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology


Background: Moscatilin is a bibenzyl derivative (stilbenoid), mainly found in Dendrobium species. This plant-derived chemical is a potential cytotoxic anticancer drug that acts against different cancer types. The present study compared the structural interactions of Moscatilin along with five clinically relevant drugs against two target proteins, viz., Anaphase-Promoting Complex subunit 10/Death of Cyclase 1 and Pyruvate Kinase Muscle isozyme M2 in silico. Out of five clinical ligands, four were plant-derived compounds, viz., Resveratrol, Paclitaxel, Shikonin, and Colchicine. The synthetic chemotherapeutic agent, Mitomycin-C, was used as a ligand to compare the mechanistic insights. The objective of the study was to determine the anticancer potency of Moscatilin in silico. Results: Moscatilin was found to have an advantage over other drugs of interest due to its structural simplicity and folding bridge connecting the bibenzyl structures. Moscatilin exhibited dual function by exclusively affecting the cancer cells, creating instabilities in biochemical and molecular cascades. Conclusions: The study demonstrates that Moscatilin is has a multi-antimetastatic function. Moscatilin interaction with APC10/DOC1 indicated that the drug is involved with post-replicative inhibition, and with PKM2 showed glycolytic pathway inhibition in cancer cells. Moscatilin can function as an effective cell cycle inhibitor. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].



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