Prognostic significance of dysregulation of epigenomic and chromatin modifiers in cervical cancer

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To broaden the understanding of the epigenomic and chromatin regulation of cervical cancer, we examined the status and significance of a set of epigenomic and chromatin modifiers in cervical cancer using computational biology. We observed that 61 of 917 epigenomic and/or chromatin regulators are differentially upregulated in human cancer, including 25 upregulated in invasive squamous cell carcinomas and 29 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 (CIN3), of which 14 are upregulated in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 (CIN2). Interestingly, 57 of such regulators are uniquely upregulated in cervical cancer, but not ovarian and endometrial cancers. The observed overexpression of 57 regulators was found to have a prognostic significance in cervical cancer. The collective overexpression of these regulators, as well as its subsets belonging to specific histone modifications and corresponding top ten positively co-overexpressed genes, correlated with reduced survival of patients with high expressions of the tested overexpressed regulators compared to cases with low expressions. Using cell-dependency datasets from human cervical cancer cells, we found that 20 out of 57 epigenomic and chromatin regulators studied here appeared to be essential genes, as the depletion of these genes was accompanied by the loss in cellular viability. In brief, the results presented here provide further insights into the role of epigenomic and chromatin regulators in the oncobiology of cervical cancer and broaden the list of new potential molecules of therapeutic importance.



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