Test-retest reliability of binaural interaction component (BIC) using speech and non-speech evoked ABR

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Open Neurology Journal


Background and Objective: Binaural hearing serves as an advantage in daily communication by facilitating better localization of sounds and perception of speech in the presence of noise. BIC of ABR has been used to understand the binaural representation of different stimuli, such as transient clicks, and complex signals, such as speech. The present study aimed to investigate the test-retest reliability of the binaural interaction component for click and speech evoked ABR. Methods: 30 individuals with normal hearing served as participants for the present study. ABR for click and speech stimuli (/da/) were recorded from these participants in monaural and binaural conditions. BIC was calculated using the formula: BIC = (L + R)-BI where, L + R is the sum of the left and right evoked potentials obtained with monaural stimulation, and BI is the response acquired from binaural stimulation. To investigate reliability, all the participants underwent three recording sessions. Session 1 and session 2 (intra-session) were carried out on the same day, separately. Whereas, session 3 (inter-session) was carried out after a minimum gap of 3-5 days after the first session. Intraclass correlation was used to investigate the test-retest reliability of click and speech evoked BIC across the three sessions. Results: The test-retest reliability for BIC was found to be excellent for latency measures and fair to good for amplitude measures. BIC was found to be fair to good, except for BIC-3. Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate that the reliability of BIC is better than that of BIC . These results suggest that the clinical utility of BIC should be exerted with caution. click speech click speech speech

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