Performance Evaluation of Open-Graded Bituminous Concrete Modified with Natural Fibers

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Sustainability (Switzerland)


Open-graded bituminous concrete (OGBC), also known as open-graded friction course or permeable asphalt layer, is a skid-resistant surface applied to pavements with high bitumen content. This mixture contains more coarse aggregates than fine aggregates, which improves subsurface drainage and indirectly reduces hydroplaning potential during wet weather conditions. The objective of the present study was to enhance the properties of the OGBC mix with fibers. Hence, four distinct natural biofibers, namely, sisal fiber, jute fiber, coir fiber, and bamboo fiber, were considered during experimental investigation at different dosages like 0.15%, 0.3% & 0.45% by weight of mix. Binder content levels ranged from 5 to 6% with an increment of 0.25% between the values in the range. Fiber-reinforced OGBC mixes were tested for air voids (%), draindown, resistance to moisture susceptibility, Cantabro loss, and indirect tensile strength of the compacted mixtures. The experimental findings demonstrate that fibers enhance the performance of OGBC mixes. Fiber incorporation reduced binder draindown and the percentage of air voids in OGBC mixes while maintaining the desired characteristics. The optimal fiber content was determined to be 0.30% for sisal, bamboo, and coir fibers and 0.45% for jute fibers. With the addition of sisal fibers at a dosage rate of 0.30%, the tensile strength of the OGBC mixture increased along with resistance to susceptibility to moisture.



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