Recent developments of an aircraft fuselage along theoretical, experimental and numerical approach-A review

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Universal Journal of Mechanical Engineering


Expressed in nature's infinite subtleties, the Fuselage draws its inspiration from the streamlined body of a bird or a fish, channelizing the flow of air around, enabling its ease in flight. Spanning most of the aircrafts structure, it plays a crucial role in the ferrying of people and cargo, simultaneously balancing the shears due to the empennage and wing structures all in mid-air. Its structural integrity is often questioned by failures due to load or bad air during maneuvers, causing instability which has led many to intensively explore and develop an ideal fuselage. The behaviour of the fuselage is crucially determined by the structural integrity and aerodynamic performance. This paper is an attempt at collating the recent technological advances pertaining to the fuselage. We've streamlined and categorised the wide-ranging scholarly articles by three fundamentally varying approaches-Theoretical, Experimental and Numerical. The theoretical approach saw the authors test out their hypothesis by utilizing and constructing various mathematical models using scientific principles with no verification by actual experimentation or simulation work. The experimental approach pertains to those papers whose authors devised experiments, whose data was used to draw distinct conclusions. The numerical approach mainly dealt with heavy computational analysis using FEM and CFD analysis. Therefore, this paper serves as a compendium for researchers and developers attempting to familiarise themselves with the current advancements and developments in domain of fuselage technology.

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