Design and performance comparison of different adaptive control schemes for pitch angle control in a Twin-Rotor-MIMO-System

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering


The Twin Rotor MIMO System is a higher order non-linear plant and is inherently unstable due to cross coupling between tail and main rotor. In this paper only the control of main rotor is considered which is non-linear and stable by using adaptive schemes. The control problem is to achieve perfect tracking for input reference signals while maintaining robustness and stability. Four adaptive schemes were implemented, two using Model Reference Adaptive Control under which MIT rule and Modified MIT rule are used. The other two using Adaptive Interaction, namely, Adaptive PID and Approximate Adaptive PID. It is observed that adaptive schemes fulfill all the three system performance requirements at the same time. Modified MIT rule was found to give superior performance in comparison to other controllers. Also Approximate Adaptive PID was able to stabilize the main rotor and cancel the effect of cross coupling between tail rotor and main rotor when operating simultaneously without the need for designing decouplers for the system. Thus the main rotor can be made independent from the state of the tail rotor by using Approximate Adaptive PID.

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