Enhanced Vehicle Re-Identification for Smart City Applications Using Zone Specific Surveillance

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IEEE Access


Vehicle re-identification is an important feature of an intelligent transportation system as part of a smart city application. Vehicle re-identification aims at matching vehicles from images acquired by surveillance cameras at different locations. During rush hours, vehicles are densely occupied across regions such as entry/exit of gated campuses, railways, airports, educational institutions, etc. Due to this uneven flow of traffic, there is a possibility of violation of traffic rules by the vehicles that lead to a security breach. In such scenarios to speed up the re-identification process, it is justified to look into a specific group of surveillance cameras to detect and re- identify vehicles on day to day basis in near real-time. However, the existing vehicle re-identification datasets do not contain zone specific information and therefore can not be used to evaluate the performance of re-identification algorithms in different zones. In the proposed work for re-identification, a framework is developed that performs vehicle re-identification across a group of cameras that monitors varying traffic movements over an area. These areas defined as 'strategic zones' comprise a subset of non-overlapping cameras that are installed to monitor non-uniform vehicle movements. The re-identification framework is evaluated on a novel dataset developed to understand the performance of vehicle re-identification across strategic zones. The dataset consists of videos of vehicles captured through 20 CCTV surveillance cameras that are grouped into four different zones. Various experiments are conducted to study the performance of re-identification across four zones using a deep neural network with triplet loss, L2 regularization, and re- ranking. The experiments conducted with an image dimension of 224×224 have demonstrated an overall mAP of 77.22%. Also, for each of the four zones a mAP of 82.16%, 69.1%, 66.5%, and 75.76% is achieved. The experimental results demonstrate huge variations in the accuracy of vehicle re-identification method across different zones. Therefore, the study assess the possible measures that can be taken to improve the performance in individual zones for an accurate vehicle re-identification in intelligent transport system.

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