Identifying Significant Macroeconomic Indicators for Indian Stock Markets

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IEEE Access


The macroeconomic indicators play a major role in all the stock markets, and they vary from nation to nation. This paper identifies the influence of macroeconomic indicators on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) of India. Total of forty-four macroeconomic indicators for eight years from the year 2011 to 2018 are considered in this study. The macroeconomic factors are aggregated and considered in average monthly form. The proposed method finds the correlation matrix of all considered macroeconomic indicators. The need for dimensionality reduction and the existence of multicollinearity are proven using validation techniques such as the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin and Bartlett tests. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method is used to reduce the dimensionality to seven factors and then PCA with the varimax rotation method is applied to find factors with maximum variation. In addition, the influence of these seven factors on the NSE Nifty and BSE SENSEX indices are analyzed using regression. Finally, an Artificial Neural Network is used to predict stock market movement with the help of macroeconomic indicators. Accuracy of 92% and 87% are obtained on NSE NIFTY and BSE SENSEX respectively.

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