Experimental and Finite Element Investigation of Deep Rolling Process Parameters on Surface and Sub-Surface Characteristics of AISI 1040 Steel

Document Type

News Article


Modification of surface/sub-surface properties through surface treatment/s is a recognized solution for enhancing the hardness, fatigue strength, wear and corrosion resistance of engineering materials. Among peers, Deep Rolling (DR) is an established mechanical surface treatment process adopted to impart smooth surface finish along with cold work induced microstructure and beneficial residual stresses on the metal surface and sub-surface regions. DR being clean, fast and effective surface treatment process, eliminates the requirement of laborious, expensive, non-eco-friendly and/or time-consuming secondary finishing processes like surface heat treatments, grinding, polishing etc. However, standardizing the process is quite challenging aspect considering the highest degree of influence of processing parameters on the observed surface modifications. Moreover, the type and initial condition of material is crucial for achieving desirable properties through deep rolling.

This research foists the light on the potential use of DR for enhancing the surface/sub-surface properties of AISI 1040 steel which is well-known material for agricultural, mining, automobile and general-purpose engineering applications. The study presents experimental and finite element investigation along with statistical approach to evidently assess the influence of key process parameters on observed surface modifications. The research may reveal beneficial insights on effect of DR process parameters on surface/sub-surface characteristics of concerned material along with the mechanism leading to enhancement in material properties. In addition, the research may bring about conclusive evidences for process optimization which aids in standardization of the DR for relevant applications.

  1. Surface Properties and Corrosion Behavior of Turn-Assisted Deep-Cold-Rolled AISI 4140 Steel | SpringerLink
  2. Multi-response optimization of the turn-assisted deep cold rolling process parameters for enhanced surface characteristics and residual stress of AISI 4140 steel shafts - ScienceDirect
  3. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40735-022-00689-7
  4. Thermodynamics, adsorption, and response surface methodology investigation of the corrosion inhibition of aluminum by Terminalia chebula Ritz. extract in H3PO4 | SpringerLink
  5. Optimization of the Parameters Influencing the Control of Dual-Phase AISI1040 Steel Corrosion in Sulphuric Acid Solution with Pectin as Inhibitor Using Response Surface Methodology | SpringerLink

Publication Date

Spring 10-1-2022