Background: According to the data from the World Health Organization (2011), over 3 million people die worldwide from diabetes and its related complications every year as a result of non-compliance. Aim: The present study aimed to assess the compliance to therapeutic regimen and risk for diabetic foot ulcer during COVID-19 pandemic among patients with Diabetes Mellitus. Method: The research approach was evaluative in nature and descriptive research design was used. The study was conducted among 100 patients with Diabetes Mellitus in selected hospitals, Chennai. The samples were selected by non- probability purposive sampling technique.. Structured 3 point rating scale was used to assess the compliance to therapeutic regimen and Check list was used to assess the risk for diabetic foot ulcer. Results: The study findings revealed that 60% of the patients were in poor compliance and 39% of them were in fair compliance to therapeutic regimen during COVID-19 pandemic. Majority of the patients were at low risk for diabetic foot ulcer in the both right foot (93%) and left foot (92%). There was a low negative correlation found between compliance to therapeutic regimen and risk for diabetic foot ulcer during COVID-19 pandemic at 5% level of significance. Conclusion: Most of the patients were in poor compliance with therapeutic regimen COVID-19 pandemic and the risk for diabetic foot ulcer was low among patients in both feet. Compliance to therapeutic regimen during COVID-19 pandemic can be challenging to patients due to restrictive measures that compromise health care delivery system. Nurses play a pivotal role in creating awareness among patients with diabetes about the importance of compliance to therapeutic regimen in maintaining glycemic control and in preventing complications
Muthusamy, Deepa; P, Cheranmadevi; Kumar, Saroja; Sudha, R; G, Jennitta; and Editor, Chief
"Assessment of compliance to therapeutic regimen and risk for diabetic foot ulcer among patients with diabetes mellitus,"
Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences: Vol. 7:
Available at: https://impressions.manipal.edu/mjnhs/vol7/iss2/8