Manipal Journal of Science and Technology


The electric industry has seen a rapid boom over the years and a prominent energy storage device being used is batteries in smart grids and electric vehicles (EV). Apart from developing cells of high energy density and power, performance improvements in the battery management system (BMS) are also equally important. This paper studies the important algorithms essential for a BMS and their estimation techniques. For measuring and predicting the functional status of the battery, the BMS uses accurate algorithms along with state-of-the-art mechanisms to efficiently use and safeguard the battery under all operating conditions.

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