Manipal Journal of Medical Sciences

MANIPAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES - EDITORIAL BOARD 1. Editor-In-Chief Dr. Krishnananda Prabhu R. V. Associate Dean, FAIMER fellow, Professor, Department of Biochemistry, KMC, Manipal, MAHE, Manipal, Karnataka, India -576104 Email: krishnananda.prabhu@manipal.edu, Phone - 9844380157 2. Managing Editor Dr Murlimanju B.V. Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, KMC, Mangalore Email: murali.manju@manipal.edu Phone – 9008482904 3. Associate Editor - Medical Dr Sneha Deepak Mallya, Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, KMC, Manipal, Email- sneha.kamath@manipal.edu, Phone – 9880893371 4. Associate Editor - Dental Dr Shaswata Karmakar, Reader, Department of Periodontology, MCODS, Manipal, Email -shaswata.karmakar@manipal.edu 5. Section editor – Medical Dr Vinay AV, Professor & Head, Department of Physiology, MTMC, Jamshedpur, Email - vinay.av@manipal.edu, Phone – 9880966679 6. Section editor – Medical Dr Vijay Kautilya D, Associate Dean- Paraclinical, Professor & Head, Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, MTMC, Jamshedpur, Email-Vijay.kautilya@manipal.edu, Phone-9448651848 7. Section editor – Medical Dr Ashim Mishra, Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, MTMC, Jamshedpur, Email-ashim.mishra@manipal.edu, Phone- 8391934762 8. Section editor – Medical Dr Sameer Wooly, Professor & Head, Department of Orthopedics, MTMC, Jamshedpur, Email-sameer.wooly@manipal.edu, Phone-7760219100 9. Section editor – Dental Dr P. Kalyan Chakravarthy, Associate Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, MCODS, Manipal, Email -kalyan.cp@manipal.edu 10. Section editor – Dental Dr. Ravikiran Ongole, HOD, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MCODS, Mangalore, Email-ravikiran.ongole@manipal.edu 11. Section editor – Dental Dr. Srikant N, HOD & Co-ordinator - MU Centres, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, MCODS, Mangalore, Email-srikant.n@manipal.edu 12. Section editor – Dental Dr. Nidhin Philip Jose, Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, MCODS, Mangalore, Email- nidhin.philip@manipal.edu 13. Section editor – ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES Dr. Venkataraja Aithal U., Associate Dean, Professor (Dept of Speech and Hearing), MCHP, MAHE, Manipal, Email-vrajaithal@manipal.edu, Phone- 9380495415 /9448824363 14. Section editor – ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES Dr. Shwetha T.S., Associate Professor and Ethicist, Department of Clinical Psychology, Manipal College of Health Professions(MCHP), MAHE, Manipal, Karnataka, India, Email-shwetha.ts@manipal.edu, Phone-9880993080 15. Section editor – PHARMACEUTICAL Usha Yogendra Nayak, Associate Professor - Senior Scale Pharmaceutics, MCOPS, Manipal, Email-usha.nayak@manipal.edu 16. Section editor – PHARMACEUTICAL Dr Srinivas Mutalik, HOD, Department of Pharmaceutics, MCOPS, Manipal, Email-ss.mutalik@manipal.edu 17. External editor – Medical Dr Rajasekharan Warrier, Professor, Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Ochsner Center for Children New Orleans, USA, Email-rwarrier@ochsner.org 18. External editor – Medical Dr Sudhir Prabhu H, Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Email-sudhirhaladi@fathermuller.in 19. External editor – Medical Dr Shyam Prakash, Associate Professor, Laboratory Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi, Email-drshyam.labmed@aiims.edu 20. External editor – Medical Dr Srinivas H, Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Bowring and Lady Curzon Medical college, Bangalore, Email--srinivas.h81@gov.in 21. EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD – Medical Dr Sharath K Rao, Pro Vice Chancellor – Health Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Email-sk.rao@manipal.edu

Introductory text for Manipal Journal of Medical Sciences.

See the Aims and Scope for a complete coverage of the journal.

Current Issue: Volume 6, Issue 1 (2021)



Undergraduate Summer Research under COVID-19
Jeevan K K. Shetty and warren thomas

Short Communications


Fungi: Are they plants or animals?
Himanshu YN, Sufyan Ibrahim, and Revathi P. Shenoy Dr


Sensor-based solution for maintaining social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic
Sabah Mohd Zubair Dr, Neelima Chakraborty, and KUMAR SUMIT

Original Article

Review Articles


Comparison of turnaround times (TAT) in Pathology laboratories from developed and developing countries, and its impact on treatment
Rishikha Jeyapal, SHAJEEDTH SURESH NAIDU, Jeevan K K. Shetty, and Venkatesh Ramaswamy NaIK


Clinical teaching and learning in the COVID-19 era and beyond: The emergent and emerging scenarios
Shashikala K. Bhat, Veena Manja, Vinutha Shankar, and Shashikiran Umakanth

Case reports


Absent oblique fissure and lingula in the left lung – a rare anatomical variation
Amit Massand, Mamatha Tonse, Mangala Pai, B.V. Murlimanju, and Latha Prabhu